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Facts About Psychological Development

Each human being must be afforded every opportunity for psychological development. Some struggle with this. Fortunately, there are many resources that they can take advantage of to assist them in overcoming some of the obstacles they may be facing.

Areas of Psychological Development

This encompasses many different areas of growth which include:

  • Emotional growth
  • Intellectual growth
  • Cognitive skills
  • Social capabilities

Some people do well in most of these areas but may be weak in one or more.


As infants, psychological development is critical. This sets the initial foundation for the rest of their lives. This is the timeframe between birth and the age of two years old. It is during this time that infants discover all types of psychological growth. They begin to create visual recognition and learn to distinguish sounds. By the time they reach 18 months, they are beginning to problem solve.


This is the timeframe from two years old to puberty at approximately 13 years of age. This is considered to be the second primary phase of psychological development. The ability to communicate through the expansion of language begins. The average child at 18 months has a vocabulary of approximately 50 words. There is significant growth in the cognitive abilities of the child as well as emotional skills.

Knowing these time frames for the natural growth of psychological development allows them to be used as markers for normal progression. If there are actually any abnormalities, these can be identified early, and proper treatments can be started along with the needed support.